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Noncooperation

Noncooperation

When there is broad public participation, methods of noncooperation can be the most powerful group of methods of nonviolent action.

Noncooperation means that people stop obeying the opponent and deny and withdraw their support from the opponent’s system of power and control. As published by Gene Sharp, methods consist of social, economic, and political tactics, including social ostracism, strikes, work slowdowns, withdrawals from bank accounts, stay-at-homes, and boycotts by various groups such as consumers, workers, traders, and management. For a complete list, see Gene Sharp’s Methods of Nonviolent Action. Many of these methods allow large segments of the population to actively participate in the struggle through simple, low-risk actions. When there is broad public participation, methods of noncooperation can be the most powerful type of nonviolent action.