CANVAS Weekly Update – July 9th, 2021


July 9, 2021

Dear Friends, CANVAS is pleased to bring you another weekly report! This week covers the assasination of Haitian president Jovenel Moïse, the withdrawal of American troops from Afghan territory, and airstrikes in Iran.

Conflict Update:

In the early hours of Wednesday, a group of gunmen stormed Haitian president Jovenel Moïse’s residence in the outskirts of Port-au-Prince, the nation’s capital. The assailants shot the president dead and left her wife, First Lady Martine Moïse, badly wounded in what officials called a “well-planed operation that included ‘foreigners’ who spoke Spanish.” Police have so far arrested 20 suspects in connection to the fatal shooting and a mass, countrywide manhunt is underway for at least five additional subjects. On Friday, police published a list of the names of 19 suspects who had been apprehended by authorities, which they said included 17 Colombians and two Haitian-Americans. As investigations continue their course, Haitian authorities are concerned that the political void might deepen the turmoil and violence that have gripped the country for months, threatening to tip one of the world’s most troubled nations further into lawlessness.

Ethiopian Prime Minster Abiy Ahmed has won the country’s delayed elections with an overwhelming majority, the election board said on Saturday. According to the board, Mr. Abiy’s Prosperity Party won 410 out of 436 seats, giving him another five-year term in office. However, opposition movements and the international community have raised concerns over the integrity of the ballot, Ethiopia’s first multi-party election in 16 years, albeit one riven with conflict, jailed opposition figures, and parts of the country – Tigray being the largest and most relevant – unable to vote. Many Ethiopians in conflict-ridden areas will have to wait until September 6 to cast their ballots when the second round of voting will be held.

Dozens of people have been arrested in South Africa as violence spreads following the jailing of former president Jacob Zuma. Pro-Zuma protesters first took to the streets after the 79-year-old handed himself to the authorities on Wednesday to begin a 15-month sentence over charges of fraud, racketeering, corruption, and money laundering. Over 300 people barricaded a major highway in Johannesburg as unrest unleashed in the streets of Zuma’s home province of KwaZulu-Natal, leaving three wounded police officers so far.   

Coronavirus Update:

On Thursday, the world’s known Covid death toll passed four million. During a news conference, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO), said this number was due to the spread of variants and unequal vaccine distribution. To date, just under 3.3 billion doses have been administered across the world, not nearly enough to curve the recent spikes. In order to deal with rising infection rates, some countries are seeing makeshift hospitals spring up. On Thursday, authorities in Thailand announced that they were converting the Suvarnabhumi Airport’s new terminal into a field hospital that can hold up to 5,000 beds.

Countries are seeing a return to former safety protocols, including curfews and masks. In tourist hot spots, cases have been steadily rising, leading to a number of countries forced to re-examine their guidelines. As the Delta variant continues to spread, Portugal announced the return of curfews starting at 11pm. Spain’s Canary Islands are petitioning for the central government to bring back mandatory night curfews to counter rising infections in tourist hotspots. With recent spikes in Tokyo and the Olympics only two weeks away, organizers announced all foreign spectators are banned from watching the games in person.

Following predictions made last week, Africa has hit its “worst pandemic week ever,”according to the WHO. More than 251,000 new cases have been reported, a 20% increase from the previous week. Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, the WHO General Director for Africa, said that 16 countries are reporting a resurgence in infections, with Malawi and Senegal added this week. The African Union’s special envoy on COVID-19 urged Europe to relax restrictions on exports so African countries could try to control the third wave. Pfizer-BioNTech and Johnson & Johnson doses are expected to arrive in the next few days. Only 1% of the continent is vaccinated and while other countries from the Global North have pledged to distribute vaccines worldwide, logistics and results are still left in the dark.  


Resistance against Myanmar’s military government continued this week. On Wednesday, demonstrators commemorated the student protests against the 1962 military coup d’état which overthrew Myanmar’s then-parliamentary democracy. More than 100 students were killed in 1962 and thousands more arrested by the new military government which stayed in power for over 50 years afterward. This history resonates deeply with the present-day demonstrators who intend to overthrow the current military government that took power in February. As part of their commemoration, the nonviolent protestors displayed the common three-fingered salute of resistance and utilized flash mob tactics to avoid violent police crackdowns. Although these non-violent tactics are still prevalent, violent actions against the regime are increasing.

The People’s Defense Force (PDF), a major resistance group, believes violence is necessary to overthrow the junta. This week the PDF increased sporadic attacks on the police for their part in violently crushing the widespread anti-junta protests that have taken place since February. PDF actions have included burning down police stations and executing officers. With mounting pressure to choose between the citizens of Myanmar or the military government, some police officers have defected and dedicated themselves to restoring democracy. Like other anti-junta activists, defected police officers who ‘cross the line’ face harsh jail sentences and likely execution. Virtually all of them must live in secret camps to avoid these consequences.

Reports from Myanmar have alleged that the military-run State Administration Council (SAC) is arresting the family members of anti-junta activists. With much of the opposition in hiding, the SAC has reportedly interrogated the family members as to the activists’ whereabouts and hope to use relatives as a source of power over the dissidents. Reports from the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners in Thailand show that while the junta have arrested family members since the beginning of the coup, recently the rate of arrests has increased. The most recent data shows 85 family members arrested since February, with 53 still held in custody. So far it seems that SAC’s actions have not been successful in coercing activists to turn themselves in.


The United States

America’s longest foreign war is coming to an end as US troops leave Afghanistan. American military forces left the Bagram Air Base this week, leaving the sprawling complex of barracks, aircraft, and equipment in the hands of Afghan security forces. The stealthy overnight exit carried out by American forces has brought criticism from Afghan officials who say they were not aware of the American departure until after the troops had left. Because of an apparent miscommunication, looters entered the complex briefly before it could be secured. A Pentagon spokesperson claimed that there had been high-level communication on the matter, although he conceded that the time of departure had not been shared for security reasons. The Biden administration now faces the dual challenges of ending a long and unpopular war while reassuring Afghan allies of continued American support. The American withdrawal comes at a time of heightened concern for the stability of the country, with some officials predicting that the Afghan government could fall to the Taliban in just a few months.
This week, Eric L. Adams declared victory in New York City’s Democratic primary election for mayor. As the Brooklyn borough president and a former police captain, Adams’ centrist campaign spoke to working-class New Yorkers interested in confronting issues of racial injustice and increasing crime rates. Although the election took place on June 22nd, NYC’s ranked choice voting system required multiple weeks to process the ballots. Adams is predicted to win the general election in November against Republican Curtis Sliwa due to NYC’s strongly Democratic political leaning. Second and third place finishers Maya Wiley and Kathryn Garciahave conceded the mayoral race to Adams.


On July 3rd, Category 1 Hurricane Elsa swept through Cuba, leaving behind structural damage and evacuating 144,000 Cubans in the process. Passing through the Carribean before landing on the island nation, the storm passed from the south to the north before making its way towards the United States. While the hurricane is mild in strength and typical for a Carribean nation, Cuba is in a concurrent crisis with the Covid pandemic hitting new highs.
“A new record of positive Covid-19 cases was set on July 6th at 3,664”. Fatalities are at an all time high, with the country reporting 21 deaths, which is “the highest number of fatalities since the beginning of the pandemic in March 2020.” The intersection of these two crises is proving to be complex and difficult, with evacuation efforts attempting to balance pandemic public health with hurricane evacuation efficiency. Officials are encouraging residents to maintain social distancing, personal hygiene, and mask wearing. Notably, typical centers of evacuation have been re-utilized as Covid-19 treatment and testing facilities, adding further complexity to the dire situations.
Cuba’s response to the pandemic includes prevention, with their new two-shot Soberana 2 vaccine, proving to be 91.2% effective in late stage clinical trials against Covid-19. This is Cuba’s second foray in the vaccine race, with Abdala, their first vaccine, reporting 92.28% efficacy last month. The legitimacy of these vaccines has been questioned outside of Cuba, with health officials decrying the use of Abdala because of a lack of data transparency. The World Health Organization (WHO) continues to refuse to include either vaccine on the” list of vaccines approved for emergency use in battling the coronavirus,” but that isn’t stopping countries like Venezuela from buying doses and administering it to millions in their respective countries. About 1.5 million of the country’s 11.2 million residents have been fully vaccinated to date.  


Tension in Nicaragua continues to build up and does not show any signs of stopping – now, the international community demands accountability. On Thursday, the European Parliament passed a resolution that “energetically condemns the repressive actions of the Nicaraguan government,” asking for the enlargement of people and organisms to be sanctioned for its actions, including president Ortega and her wife and vice president Rosario Murillo. The resolution, passed with 629 votes in favor, 19 against, and 40 abstentions, also calls for the “immediate and unconditional release of all political prisoners,” including 6 presidential candidates and 20 additional opponents in the final stretch of the November 7 presidential elections. Moreover, the Regional Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, together with the Inter-American Commission for Human Rights, also call for the immediate release of the prisoners and the prompt implementation of legal guarantees to prevent more arbitrary arrests in the country.
Furthermore, the Nicaraguan government did not abide by this Thursday’s deadline, set by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, to comply with the provisional measures ruled by the organism in favor of Ortega’s political opponents. Given the official refusal, Jared Genser – Maradiaga’s, Chamorro’s, and Granera’s attorney – declared that they would request a hearing at the IACHR so that the Nicaraguan state can justify the reasons for non-compliance.  


Under Luis Arce’s administration, the Bolivian government continues to inquire into the November 2019 mass protests following the ousting of Evo Morales in a nationwide investigation that has come to be known as “Case Coup d’état.” In a press conference on Thursday, Arce denounced Argentinian former president Mauricio Macri’s implication in the protests by providing Añez’s government with anti-riot ammo and teargas. On Friday, Argentinian president Alberto Fernández issued an official apology to the Bolivian people on behalf of the country, addressing them with “great grief and shame for the unforgivable actions of the previous Argentinian cabinet.” On the other hand, Security Minister under Macris’ administration Patricia Bullrich denies the shipment of “war material” to the Andean nation during her time in office, arguing that, in fact, she collaborated with Morales’s regime by providing additional security to the Bolivian embassy during the civilian turmoil.  As the investigation carries on, the implication of international actors during the November 2019 protests is at the spotlight and might reshape the geopolitical alliances in the region, leading to further polarization in the continent.
In other news, the public prosecutor’s office presented on Monday additional charges against former acting president Jeanine Añez, this time over genocide and grievous bodily harm. According to the prosecutor, Añez needs to account for her negligent actions and leadership in the deployment of police and military personnel during the protests, which led to +20 civilians losing their lives as a consequence of the use of lethal ammunition to “deescalate” the enraged citizenry.  


On Tuesday, former presidential candidate Viktor Barbaryko was sentenced to 14 years in prison by the Supreme Court in Minsk. Barbaryko was set to challenge President Lukashenko in the election last August when he was arrested two months before the vote. Barbaryko has been charged with corruption including money-laundering and accepting a bribe during his tenure as head of the Rusian-owned bank Belgazprombank. Western nations including the US and the UK have condemned the charges as politically motivated. Although Barbaryko is unable to appeal his sentence, his lawyer, Dmitry Layevsky, says he plans to bring the case before the UN Human Rights Council. Barbaryko is only one of the hundreds of Belarusian political prisoners that were arrested in relation to last summer’s presidential election, either for running an opposition campaign or for protesting the results of the fraudulent election.
Lukashenko’s crackdown on free media in Belarus continued this week with accusations against Nasha Niva. Nasha Niva is one of the country’s oldest weekly newspapers; it was founded in 1906 and maintains an online readership of over 100,000 people. On Thursday, online access to the media outlet was blocked and Nasha Niva’s offices were searched. Yahor Martsinovich, the paper’s chief editor, was arrested by authorities. The Belarus Information Minister has accused Nasha Niva of posting unlawful information online, but rights groups see the allegations as part of a larger campaign against pro-democracy media in Belarus. Nasha Niva is not the first media outlet to come under fire from the government. In May, the news site TUT.BY was blocked and law enforcement officers detained 12 of the organization’s journalists and employees.  


Far-right anti-pride protesters clashed with attendees of the Tbilisi Pride March on Monday, as members of the far-right group attacked dozens of journalists. As of Thursday, fifteen have been arrested, and eight are facing court charges. A reported 53 journalists were injured at the attack, including a cameraman who sustained a severe concussion. In a statement on Tuesday, Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili condemned the violence, saying “What happened yesterday is categorically unacceptable. Violence against journalists is unacceptable and of course, it has to be condemned.” Prior to the march, Garibashvili warned of civic confrontation, citing the broad disapproval of the demonstration among the Georgian population. While members of the ruling Georigian Dream Party also condemned the violence, many also expressed their disapproval of the ‘radical opposition’ behind the pride movement, calling it a “fight against the church.” These events highlight the ongoing tensions within Georgia regarding LGBT rights: while discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation is illegal, the country remains largely conservative and LGBT people often face societal discrimination.


An “ongoing clampdown on LGBTQ spaces appeared to accelerate on July 6, when China’s most popular messaging app WeChat suddenly shut down dozens of LGBTQ accounts run by university students, one of the most widespread and coordinated acts of censorship targeting sexual minorities in the country in decades.” An LGBT activist group from one of China’s top universities released a statement in response: “Our activities will not stop due to the closure. On the contrary, we hope to use this opportunity to start again with a continued focus on gender and society, and to embrace courage and love.” While widespread homophobia and censorship exists in China today, this extreme reaction was partly sparked in response to a major athlete, Li Ying, coming out as queer on June 22 using social media app Weibo. Internationally, the reaction was mostly positive to the soccer star’s post, but within China, the reaction was more mixed and the government immediately took down the post.
Controversy around the major ride-hailing app Didi from the Chinese government continues. “China’s cyberspace administration on July 9th said it would remove 25 mobile apps operated by Didi Global Inc from app stores as the government stepped up a crackdown on the ride-hailing giant.” This is a response to last week’s events, when Didi was criticized for illegally collecting user’s personal data, days after the Chinese company launched its IPO in the U.S. Since then, China has opened a cybersecurity review into three more Chinese companies listed in the U.S, further increasing tensions between the two global superpowers.
Covid has also spiked in the country, with 57 new Covid cases being reported in Mainland China on July 7th. This is the highest number of daily cases since January 30th, raising fears of another possible incoming wave.  

Hong Kong:

On Thursday, five more pro-democracy district counselors announced their resignation. Following media reports that up to 200 counsellors may be disqualified, Hong Kong has seen an increase in resignations. Any past action “deemed to be in violation of their oaths to loyalty to the Hong Kong government” was reason enough to be disqualified. What this seems to translate into is any political activism, such as signing petitions regarding Hong Kong’s special trade status or displaying “Liberate Hong Kong, revolution of our times.” Some of those who resigned this week include Josephine Chan, Cary Lo, Alfred Lai, and Ho Hang-Mui.
Hong Kong has also seen a drop in civil and pro-democracy groups within the past two weeks. In the wake of the national security law enacted over a year ago and lack of resources, many groups have decided to cease operations. On Sunday, the Progressive Teachers’ Alliance decided to disband. Following this, the Progressive Lawyers Group announced it was dissolving on Monday. The day after, the Civil Rights Observer chose to end their group as well. All websites and social media pages have already been deleted.
Hong Kong’s crackdown on activists is not only being felt on the streets. This week, a lower court transferred Hong Kong activist Andy Li’s case to the city’s High Court. Accused of conspiring with Jimmy Lai and collusion, Li can now face a maximum penalty of life in prison. On Friday, a request made by activist Chow Hang-Tung to have her bail status reviewed was rejected by Magistrate Amy Chan. Hang-Tung was arrested on June 4th in connection to this year’s banned Tiananmen Massacre Vigil. While she was released on bail, it was revoked on June 30th for allegedly publicising a banned pro-democracy rally.  


The COVID-19 crisis in Indonesia continues to worsen. Exacerbated by the highly-contagious Delta variant and increased travel, the outbreak in Indonesia has quickly become the worst in all of Southeast Asia. On July 7th, the world’s fourth most populous country recorded its highest ever daily increase in numbers of new cases and new deaths due to COVID-19. And due to testing shortages, experts worry that the true numbers of cases are far higher. Chronic oxygen shortages plague hospitals across the country, with some having to close emergency rooms or turn patients away because they are unable to keep up with demand. Cases among people under the age of 18 are rising at a rapid rate and experts especially fear for the lives of young children and pregnant women as the crisis worsens.
In other news, Rachmawati Sukarnoputri, daughter of Indonesia’s founding president, has died this week. Her father, Sukarno, challenged Dutch colonialism and led the Indonesian independence movement. A family feud led Mrs. Rachmawati’s older sister, Megawati Sukarnoputri, to enter politics and eventually win the Indonesian presidency in 2001. Although involved in politics herself, Mrs. Rachmawati did not see the same political success as her sister despite her family’s revered legacy in Indonesia. She was 70 years old when she died of COVID-19.  


On Saturday, multiple protests merged together as several groups marched across Bangkok. Demonstrations calling for the resignation of PM Prayut Chan-o-cha and dissolution of the senate crossed paths with those frustrated with the government’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic. Pro-Democracy protests have been occurring since last week, and have had known activists, such as Parit “Penguin” Chiwarak, speak. The rallies for the COVID-19 pandemic are fairly new, but dissatisfaction with government protocols are not. The hashtag #Killergovernment has been circulating across Twitter and demonstrations led by local businessowners, sex workers, and others affected have sprouted. The groups marched towards the barricaded Government house, where speeches were heard and a flea market was set up.Serving food and local goods, the market served as a greater symbol for the businesses left behind by the government during the pandemic.
While the protest was nonviolent and no arrests were made, the government has found other ways to target activists. On Thursday, the Metropolitan Police Bureau confirmed it’s filing to revoke bail for five pro-democracy leaders. While the names have not been confirmed, they allegedly broke bail conditions by attending protests and giving speeches. Alongside this, on Friday the Supreme Court announced that former red-shirt leader Jatuporn Prompan will serve back-to-back sentences. He will now spend another 11 months and 16 days in prison.
In other news, Phuket’s “Sandbox” reopening has reported its first COVID case. The man was taken to a hospital and the tourist group he was part of is now in quarantine for the next 14 days. Phuket has been strict with their COVID protocols as 2,113 tourists have arrived over the past 9 days. COVID cases across the country, especially in Bangkok, have seen a spike. With low vaccine availability, the government is negotiating with vaccine manufacturers and governments abroad to meet the demand. Until then, travel restrictions and nightly curfews were announced on Friday, set to start in Bangkok for the next two weeks.  


Tensions escalated between the U.S. and Iran on Wednesday as at least 14 rockets hit the U.S.’s Al-Asad Air Base in Iraq. This was the fourth attack this week on U.S. troops in the region. The base was attacked early afternoon, injuring two U.S. service members and damaging nearby village homes and a mosque. While it is not yet clear who is behind the attacks, the Iranian media has reported that the Thar Al-Muhandis Brigade, a pro-Iran militia, claimed responsibility. The newly-formed group is widely considered to be a cover for the Iran-backed militia Kataib Hezbollah, and aims to push U.S. forces out of Iraq. In a statement, the group warned U.S. troops “We will force you to leave our lands defeated.” The strikes seem to be a response to theJune 27th U.S. attacks on Iran-backed militia groups in Iraq and Syria.
Tehran hosted high-level peace talks between Taliban representatives and Afghan officials this week. In a joint statement, Taliban and Afghan officials said they agree that “war is not the solution to the Afghanistan problem,” and they are both committed to continuing talks on how to achieve lasting peace. Yet on Friday Taliban fighters seized control of a key border crossing with Iran after a series of advances within the country. This comes as American troops complete their withdrawal from Afghanistan.
In Covid news, President Hassan Rouhani warned of a fifth wave of coronavirus infections. Over the past two weeks, average daily new cases have risen by 21 percent as the highly contagious Delta variant spreads. Rouhani urged Iranians to adhere to health and safety protocols in order to avoid another imposition of severe restrictions; yet, adherence to these rules is declining, as fewer than 70 percent are estimated to be using masks and engaging in physical distancing. With only two percent of the population fully vaccinated, Iran’s vaccination program has lagged substantially. But, Rouhani remains hopeful that a combination of imported and domestically produced vaccines will end the shortage.  


The Iraqi government condemned the recent Iran-backed attacks on U.S. military personnel in Iraq, calling it a “blatant and unacceptable violation of Iraqi sovereignty and national security.” Iraq has been increasingly caught in the middle of the proxy war, and officials are concerned about the expansion of the U.S.-Iran conflict in their territory. In recent months, Iraq has seen an increase in the number of rocket and drone attacks on U.S.-bases; in the past couple of weeks, attacks have escalated even further. Although Iraqi officials promised to hold the attackers accountable, domestic political fragility and economic instability pose several challenges.


In other news, protests erupted in Basra as summer temperatures rise amid widespread power cuts. The protesters are putting pressure on the government to address these electricity shortages and, more generally, poor public services. Earlier this week, Electricity Minister Majed Mahdi Hantoosh submitted his resignation, but protests continue, and many fear that violence will ensue. The electricity ministry cited terrorist attacks on electricity lines, shortages of fuel for power stations, and Iran’s suspension of energy supplies as the causes for the shortages. So far, the Iraqi government has responded to the consistently 50 degrees Celsius heat by cutting the working day to less than five hours. Power-cuts were among the main catalysts of the mass 2019 anti-government protests; today, many of those same activists are calling on the government to provide the “basic rights” of electricity and social services.


Sunday marked the fourth day of constant tribal violence in West Darfur, especially around the Sirba locality. Since the violence commenced at least twenty people have been killed and many more have been wounded. Additionally, reports claim that five villages, Kafani, Karkar, Krekar, and Ammar Jadeed, have been burned and their residents displaced. Sirba’s Coordination of the Resistance Committees demanded the government intervene soon before even more damage is done. So far, there has been little government assistance to the area.
After meeting on Thursday, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has announced it will work with Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt, and the African Union to foster a “win-win” compromise regarding Ethiopia’s construction of The Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam (GERD). Sudan and Egypt are concerned with how the GERD will affect their water supply; the concerns have intensified as widespread droughts worsen. The UN’s involvement is extremely timely, as Ethiopia informed Sudanese officials on Wednesday that they had initiated the second filling of the dam despite not having reached agreement on a framework.  The UNSC expressed their hopes to put to rest decades of conflict between Ethiopia and the downstream countries over the GERD.
In other news, Sudan has received over 60,000 refugees fleeing Ethiopia since November of 2020 according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Most of these refugees are running from the civil war in Tigray and entering into the Sudanese border village of Hamdayete. Many then resettle in refugee camps in Um Rakuba and Al Tanideba. On top of this influx, a minimum of 7,500 Eritrean refugees also arrive in Eastern Sudan each year.  


Covid-19 cases in Uganda have declined by half in the weeks since the third lockdown commenced. Cumulative recoveries have also risen by almost fifteen thousand cases, and deaths have dropped. In further good news, the High Court in Kampala ruled that it is the responsibility of Uganda’s Attorney General and Health Minister to ensure private hospitals don’t overcharge their Covid-19 patients. This decision follows mounting pressure on the government to intervene as patients are being charged unmanageable costs, required to pay cash deposits before receiving treatment, and sometimes even denied discharge without first paying their bills. Furthermore, the court mandated that the medical and dental practitioner’s council work with private hospitals to develop an analysis of what a reasonable hospital bill should be. This update should bring relief to many Ugandans, some of whom had to abandon the bodies of their dead relatives at the hospitals because they couldn’t afford the fees.
On Tuesday the government began its appeal against the constitutional court’s judgment that trying civilians in military court is unconstitutional. The court came to this decision after former Nakawa Division Member of Parliament Michael Kabaziguruka filed a petition challenging his own trial under military court. The court adopted Kabaziguruka’s reasoning that the military court is too connected to the executive branch to be fully impartial. The Government’s appeal against the court’s decision argues just the opposite, that the military courts are indeed independent. In the meantime, civilians currently being charged by military courts are being transferred to civilian courts.  


Zimbabwe is reverting to a “2020 lockdown as covid-19 cases rise” around the country. With the new delta variant rapidly spreading, 2,156 new covid cases and 56 covid-related deaths were reported on Thursday, a new record of daily fatalities this year. Only 9% of Zimbabweans have received the vaccine, with a mere 3.7% receiving both doses. The crisis is deeping as equipment shortages, misinformation, and low vaccine rates ravage the country. Restrictions are already in place as of last week, which include a “night curfew, reduced business hours, localized lockdowns in hotspot areas, and a ban on inter-city travel”. As of Tuesday however, in an effort to further curb the high daily covid case count, new restrictions seek to make it more difficult to travel and move locally without explicit permission.
Zimbabwe National Army Commander Edzai Chimonyo passed away on Thursday after a long battle with cancer. He was deputy commander and heavily involved in the Gukurahundi massacres, which claimed the lives of over 20,000 people in Matabeleland and Midlands provinces in the early 1980’s. Many are upset that this commander, along with many others, are dying before “accounting for their crimes,” since the judicial process is moving very slowly.